PMID: 107885Jan 1, 1979

Electrophysiological effects of anti-arrhythmia agents in man. Attempt at classification

Archives des maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux
P TouboulJ P Delahaye

Abstract

The electrophysiological effects of anti-arrhythmic drugs in man may be classified in three groups: -- Group I: comprising drugs whose characteristic action is on the AV node (beta blockers, verapamil, digitalis) The nodal conduction time (A-H interval) and refractory periods are increased. -- Group II: comprising drugs acting on the His-Purkinje system, the AV nodal conduction staying unchanged. This group has two sub-groups. Sub-group A: these drugs delay the His-Prukinje conduction (increased H-V interval). Examples are quinidine, procainamide, disopyramide, ajmaline, chloro-acetyl-ajmaline. In addition these drugs usually increase the atrial refractory periods and those of accessory pathways. Sub-group B: the His-Purkinje conduction is unchanged but the refractory periods are modified: lengthened (bretylium tosylate) or shortened (diphenylhydantoin, lignocaine, mexiletine). -- Group III: which includes amiodarone and aprindine whose effects are mixed: on the one hand AV nodal depression, and on the other, alteration of the His-Purkinje conduction manifested by an increased H-V internal (aprindine) or refractory periods (amiodarone). These preparations also increase the refractory periods of accessory AV pathways and amiodar...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Cardiac Depressants
Structure of Atrioventricular Node
Left Bundle Branch of His
Electrophysiology (Science)
Structure of Purkinje Fibers

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