Jul 1, 1976

Electrostatic interactions at charged lipid membranes. I. Effects of pH and univalent cations on membrane structure

Biophysical Chemistry
H TyäubleH Eibl

Abstract

Electrostatic interactions at charged lipid membranes make a significant contribution to the free energy of the system, and can be varied within a wide range by alteration either of the membrane's surface charge density or of the concentration of electrolytes in the surrounding medium. Changes in the charged membrane's structure, such as the ordered in equilibrium fluid phase transition, can thus be induced at constant temperature by variations in pH and salt concentration. An adequate quantitative description of these phenomena is obtained from the Gouy--Chapman theory. The good agreement between theory and experiment confirms that the expression derived for the electrostatic free energy especially in respect of its positive sign is correct. The classical expression derived for the electrostatic free energy, especially in respect of its positive sign, is correct. The classical expression for the "free energy of the double layer" derived by Verwey and Overbeek, which has a negative sign, is not applicable to lipid membranes with ionizable polar groups.

Mentioned in this Paper

Tissue Membrane
Electrolytes
Membrane
Electrolytes Measurement, Serum
Cations
Electrolyte [EPC]
Cations, Monovalent
Lipids
Membranes, Artificial
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.