Elemental balances during intravenous hyperalimentation of underweight adult subjects

The Journal of Clinical Investigation
D RudmanW C McGarrity

Abstract

Intravenous hyperalimentation was done in 11 underweight adults whose body weight (body wt) was less than 85 percent of ideal. For the first 6 days, "complete formula" was infused furnishing per kilogram ideal body wt per day: 15 g glucose, 0.40 g N, 0.018 g P, 2.4 meq K, 3.0 meq Na, 2.3 meq C1, 0.5 meq Mg, 0.45 meq Ca, and 50 ml H20. Patients gained weight at an average rate of 9.0 g/kg ideal body wt/day and showed average balances/kilogram ideal body wt/day as follows: plus 0.14 g N; plus 0.012 g P; plus 0.43 meq K; plus 0.49 meq Na; plus 0.37 meq Cl; and plus 0.085 meq Ca. Application of standard equations to the elemental balances indicated weight gain consisted of 35-50 percent protoplasm, 35-50 percent extracellular fluid, 5-25 percent adipose tissus, and less than 1 percent bone. Withdrawas of N, P, Na, or K impaired or abolished retention of other elements. Removal of N halted retention P, K, Na and C1; withdrawal of K stopped retention of N and P; and removal of Na or P interrupted retention of all other elements. Weight gain continued at a rate of 1.4-3.1 g/kg ideal body wt/day despite zero or negative elemental balances of N, K, P, and sometimes Na and C1. Calculations showed that weight gain during infusion of fluid...Continue Reading

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