Elevated divalent ion concentrations in parotid saliva from chronic renal failure patients

A M Earlbaum, P M Quinton


Mg and PO4 concentrations were significantly higher in unmixed parotid saliva from chronic renal failure (CFR) patients than in controls. No significant differences were noted in the flow, pH or concentrations of Na, K, Cl or Ca; however, the Na/K ratio was significantly lower in CRF patients. No correlation between plasma PTH levels and the concentrations of Ca, Mg, or PO4 in saliva was found. Taken with previous results from elevated divalent ion concentrations in sweat from CRF patients, these findings suggest that the excretion of divalent electrolyte glands may represent a generalized abnormality in exocrine glands in CRF. We hypothesize that the active processes involved in regulating the concentrations of these ions in exocrine secretions are altered so that larger amounts of these elements are excreted in CRF patients.


Jun 5, 2002·Annals of Nuclear Medicine·Meryem KayaSakir Berkarda
Feb 27, 2009·Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN·G Eknoyan

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Nodding Syndrome

Nodding Syndrome is a neurological and epileptiform disorder characterized by psychomotor, mental, and growth retardation. Discover the latest research on Nodding Syndrome here.

LRRK2 & Microtubules

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are risk-factors for developing Parkinson’s disease (PD). LRRK2 mutations in PD have been shown to enhance its association with microtubules. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology
D RothsteinG Onesti
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology
H P van den Akker, E Busemann-Sokole
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved