Elevated serum transferrin receptor levels in common types of thalassemia heterozygotes in Southeast Asia: a correlation with genotypes and red cell indices
Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Noppacharn UaprasertPranee Sutcharitchan
Serum transferrin receptor (sTfR) measurement is a helpful test for diagnosis of iron deficiency. Increased values are detectable in thalassemia syndromes due to increased erythropoiesis. However, sTfR has never been studied in hemoglobin E (HbE) carriers and their interactions with alpha-thalassemia heterozygotes that are common in Southeast Asia. We determined sTfR concentrations using a particle enhanced immunoturbidimetric assay in 113 early pregnancies without iron deficiency. Patients were genotypically classified into 6 groups: 23 normal (mean sTfR+/-SD mg/l, 0.94+/-0.22), 14 alpha(+)-thalassemia heterozygotes (1.06+/-0.45), 21 alpha(0)-thalassemia heterozygotes (1.31+/-0.35), 30 HbE heterozygotes (1.11+/-0.26), 13 HbE heterozygotes with alpha(+)-thalassemia heterozygotes (1.09+/-0.32), and 12 HbE heterozygotes with alpha(0)-thalassemia heterozygotes (1.16+/-0.27). sTfR concentrations in all thalassemic groups were higher than controls, and significantly correlated with high red cell count, low MCV and MCH (p<0.001). When alpha(0)- or alpha(+)-thalassemia combined with HbE, sTfR concentrations were declined compared with alpha(0)-thalassemia or hemoglobin E, respectively, suggesting more balances in alpha- and beta-globi...Continue Reading
Anemia develops when your blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells. Anemia of inflammation (AI, also called anemia of chronic disease) is a common, typically normocytic, normochromic anemia that is caused by an underlying inflammatory disease. Here is the latest research on anemia.