DOI: 10.1101/474163Nov 19, 2018Paper

Elevation of intracellular levels of nitric oxide in SHR attenuates hyperproliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells through the inhibition of AT1 receptor expression and c-Src/growth factor receptor signaling pathways

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Madhu B Anand-SrivastavaYuan Li


We previously showed that decreased levels of intracellular nitric oxide (NO) contribute to the hyperproliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The present study investigates if elevation of intracellular levels of NO by in vivo treatment of SHR with NO donor, sodium nitroprusside (SNP) that was shown to attenuate hypertension could attenuate the hyperproliferation of VSMC and identify the molecular mechanisms. In-traperitoneal injection of SNP (0.5 mg/kg BW) into 8-week-old SHR and WKY rats twice a week for two weeks increased significantly the intracellular levels of NO in aortic VSMC and resulted in the attenuation of hyperproliferation of VSMC from SHR to control levels. The antiprolifera-tive effect of SNP was associated with the restoration of the overexpression of cell cycle proteins, cyclins D1, E, Cdk2, Cdk4, phosphorylated pRB and decreased expression of Cdk inhibitors p21Cip1 and p27Kip1 towards control levels. In addition, SNP treatment also attenuated the overex-pression of angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1) receptor, phosphorylation of c-Src, EGF-R, PDGF-R, IGF-IR and ERK1/2 in VSMC from SHR to control levels. These results suggest that the augmentation of in...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Cell Cycle
Hypertensive Disease
Nitric Oxide
Rats, Inbred SHR
Signal Pathways
Sodium Nitroprusside
c-src Genes
CDK2 protein, human
Insulin-Like-Growth Factor I Receptor

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