Eliminating yellow fever epidemics in Africa: vaccine demand forecast and impact modelling

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Kévin JeanTini Garske

Abstract

Background: To counter the increasing global risk of Yellow fever (YF), the World Health Organisation initiated the Eliminate Yellow fever Epidemics (EYE) strategy. Estimating YF burden, as well as vaccine impact, while accounting for the features of urban YF transmission such as indirect benefits of vaccination, is key to informing this strategy. Methods and Findings: We developed two model variants to estimate YF burden in sub-Saharan Africa, assuming all infections stem from either the sylvatic or the urban cycle of the disease. Both relied on an ecological niche model fitted to the local presence of any YF reported event in 34 African countries. We calibrated under-reporting using independent estimates of transmission intensity provided by 12 serological surveys performed in 11 countries. We calculated local numbers of YF infections, deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost based on estimated transmission intensity while accounting for time-varying vaccination coverage. We estimated vaccine demand and impact of future preventive mass vaccination campaigns (PMVCs) according to various vaccination scenarios. Vaccination activities conducted in Africa between 2005 and 2017 were estimated to prevent from 3.3 (95% ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Cessation of Life
Hemorrhagic Fever With Renal Syndrome
Spatial Distribution
Vaccination
Vaccines
World Health Organization
Yellow Fever
Disease Transmission
Infection Surveillance
Sylvatic

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