PMID: 17969685Nov 1, 2007

Elucidating differences in the sorption properties of 10 humic and fulvic acids for polar and nonpolar organic chemicals

Environmental Science & Technology
Christian NiedererKai-Uwe Goss

Abstract

In this work we present a dataset of more than 1000 natural organic matter (NOM)/air partition coefficients covering polar and nonpolar organic compounds measured in 10 different humic and fulvic acids (HAs/FAs) from terrestrial and aquatic origins. Differences of more than 1 order of magnitude in the sorption coefficients of a given compound measured in HAs and FAs from different origins were found. The terrestrial HAs exhibited substantially higher sorption coefficients compared to aquatic HAs and FAs. The difference between any two types of NOM is mainly reflected by a constant shift in the partition coefficients that applies to all compounds in the same way. This indicates that it is the number of available sorption sites per mass of sorbent rather than the types of intermolecular interactions between the sorbate and the sorbent that governs the major differences between the sorption properties of various types of NOM. The experimental partition coefficients measured in all HAs and FAs were successfully described by polyparameter linear free energy relationships (pp-LFERs) that explicitly account for van der Waals as well as H-donor/acceptor interactions between the sorbate and the sorbent. These pp-LFER equations provide f...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Benzopyrans
Humic Substances
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Organic Chemicals
Adsorption
Humidity
Sternal Cleft
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