Jun 2, 2020

Elucidating the time course of the transcriptomic response to photobiomodulation through gene co-expression analysis

Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Patrick BensonDaniel M Johnstone


Photobiomodulation (PBM) with low-intensity red to near infrared light elicits neuroprotection in various pre-clinical models and in some clinical contexts, yet the intracellular mechanisms triggered by PBM, and their temporal sequence of modulation, remain unclear. We aimed to address this uncertainty by mapping the temporal transcriptomic response to PBM. Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells were treated with 670 nm PBM and RNA collected a various time points over 24 h. The transcriptome was screened by RNA microarray, and gene co-expression analysis by hierarchical clustering was coupled with bioinformatics analysis to reveal the molecular systems modulated by PBM and their expression patterns over the time course. The findings suggest that PBM induces distinct early phase (up to 8 h post-PBM) and late phase (24 h post-PBM) intracellular responses. The early intracellular response features enrichment of pathways relating to transcriptional regulation and cellular stress responses, while the late intracellular response demonstrates a physiological shift to enrichment of downstream pathways such as cell death and DNA damage. These findings provide support for the hypothesis that PBM acts as a transient stressful stimulus, activat...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Hierarchical Clustering
Cell Death
Transcriptional Regulation
Gene Expression
Physiological Stress

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