Jun 2, 2020

Elucidating the time course of the transcriptomic response to photobiomodulation through gene co-expression analysis

Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Patrick BensonDaniel M Johnstone

Abstract

Photobiomodulation (PBM) with low-intensity red to near infrared light elicits neuroprotection in various pre-clinical models and in some clinical contexts, yet the intracellular mechanisms triggered by PBM, and their temporal sequence of modulation, remain unclear. We aimed to address this uncertainty by mapping the temporal transcriptomic response to PBM. Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells were treated with 670 nm PBM and RNA collected a various time points over 24 h. The transcriptome was screened by RNA microarray, and gene co-expression analysis by hierarchical clustering was coupled with bioinformatics analysis to reveal the molecular systems modulated by PBM and their expression patterns over the time course. The findings suggest that PBM induces distinct early phase (up to 8 h post-PBM) and late phase (24 h post-PBM) intracellular responses. The early intracellular response features enrichment of pathways relating to transcriptional regulation and cellular stress responses, while the late intracellular response demonstrates a physiological shift to enrichment of downstream pathways such as cell death and DNA damage. These findings provide support for the hypothesis that PBM acts as a transient stressful stimulus, activat...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Hierarchical Clustering
Cell Death
Analysis
RNA
Transcriptional Regulation
Bio-Informatics
Study
Gene Expression
Patterns
Physiological Stress

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.