Nov 12, 2019

Emergence of neuronal diversity during vertebrate brain development

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Bushra RajAlexander F Schier

Abstract

Neurogenesis in the vertebrate brain comprises many steps ranging from the proliferation of progenitors to the differentiation and maturation of neurons. Although these processes are highly regulated, the landscape of transcriptional changes and progenitor identities underlying brain development are poorly characterized. Here, we describe the first developmental single-cell RNA-seq catalog of more than 200,000 zebrafish brain cells encompassing 12 stages from 12 hours post-fertilization to 15 days post-fertilization. We characterize known and novel gene markers for more than 800 clusters across these timepoints. Our results capture the temporal dynamics of multiple neurogenic waves from embryo to larva that expand neuronal diversity from ~20 cell types at 12 hpf to ~100 cell types at 15 dpf. We find that most embryonic neural progenitor states are transient and transcriptionally distinct from long-lasting neural progenitors of post-embryonic stages. Furthermore, we reconstruct cell specification trajectories for the retina and hypothalamus, and identify gene expression cascades and novel markers. Our analysis reveal that late-stage retinal neural progenitors transcriptionally overlap cell states observed in the embryo, while hy...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Vertebrates
Single-Cell Analysis
Biological Markers
Fertility
Embryo
MRNA Maturation
Genes
Regulation of Biological Process
Transcription, Genetic
Neurons

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