Mar 25, 2020

Host-derived lipids from tuberculous pleurisy impair macrophage microbicidal-associated metabolic activity

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
José Luis Marín FrancoLuciana Balboa


Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) regulates the macrophage metabolic state to thrive in the host. Yet, the responsible mechanisms remain elusive. Macrophage activation towards the microbicidal (M1) program depends on the HIF-1 -mediated metabolic shift from oxidative phosphorylation towards glycolysis. Here, we asked whether a tuberculosis (TB) microenvironment changes the M1 macrophage metabolic state. We exposed M1 macrophages to the acellular fraction of tuberculous pleural effusions (TB-PE), and found lower glycolytic activity, accompanied by elevated levels of oxidative phosphorylation and bacillary load, compared to controls. The host-derived lipid fraction of TB-PE drove these metabolic alterations. HIF-1 stabilization reverted the effect of TB-PE by restoring M1 metabolism. As a proof-of-concept, Mtb-infected mice with stabilized HIF-1 displayed lower bacillary loads and a pronounced M1-like metabolic profile in alveolar macrophages. Collectively, we demonstrate that host-derived lipids from a TB-associated microenvironment alter the M1 macrophage metabolic reprogramming by hampering HIF-1 functions, thereby impairing control of Mtb infection.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Extracellular Matrix
Specialty Physician
Cellular Component Organization
Biological Evolution
Anatomic Node

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