DOI: 0908.0563Aug 5, 2009Paper

Emergence of target waves in paced populations of cyclically competing species

ArXiv
Luo-Luo JiangBing-Hong Wang

Abstract

We investigate the emergence of target waves in a cyclic predator-prey model incorporating a periodic current of the three competing species in a small area situated at the center of the square lattice. The periodic current acts as a pacemaker, trying to impose its rhythm on the overall spatiotemporal evolution of the three species. We show that the pacemaker is able to nucleate target waves that eventually spread across the whole population, whereby three routes leading to this phenomenon can be distinguished depending on the mobility of the three species and the oscillation period of the localized current. First, target waves can emerge due to the synchronization between the periodic current and oscillations of the density of the three species on the spatial grid. The second route is similar to the first, the difference being that the synchronization sets in only intermittently. Finally, the third route towards target waves is realized when the frequency of the pacemaker is much higher than that characterizing the oscillations of the overall density of the three species. By considering mobility and the frequency of the current as variable parameters, we thus provide insights into the mechanisms of pattern formation resultin...Continue Reading

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