Aug 16, 2019

Emerging Developments in Targeting Proteotoxicity in Neurodegenerative Diseases

CNS Drugs
Luke McAlaryNeil R Cashman

Abstract

The most common neurodegenerative diseases are Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), Huntington's disease, frontotemporal lobar degeneration, and the motor neuron diseases, with AD affecting approximately 6% of people aged 65 years and older, and PD affecting approximately 1% of people aged over 60 years. Specific proteins are associated with these neurodegenerative diseases, as determined by both immunohistochemical studies on post-mortem tissue and genetic screening, where protein misfolding and aggregation are key hallmarks. Many of these proteins are shown to misfold and aggregate into soluble non-native oligomers and large insoluble protein deposits (fibrils and plaques), both of which may exert a toxic gain of function. Proteotoxicity has been examined intensively in cell culture and in in vivo models, and clinical trials of methods to attenuate proteotoxicity are relatively new. Therapies to enhance cellular protein quality control mechanisms such as upregulation of chaperones and clearance/degradation pathways, as well as immunotherapies against toxic protein conformations, are being actively pursued. In this article, we summarize the common pathophysiology of neurodegenerative disease, and review therapie...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

In Vivo
Immunohistochemistry
Effects of Heat
toxicant
Genetic Screening (Procedure)
Cell Culture Techniques
Nerve Degeneration
Alzheimer's Disease
Motor Neurons
Persons

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