Employment and income among first-time cases diagnosed with non-affective psychosis in Stockholm, Sweden: a follow-up study 2004/2005-2010

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Johanna FalkLotta Nylén

Abstract

Non-affective psychoses (F20-F29) are serious conditions causing a high degree of disability. Loss of income and increasing costs for personal care and treatment are severe consequences following the disorders, but less is known about employment and income in different social strata. The aim was to study these conditions among persons with non-affective psychosis compared to the general population, and possible social differentials. A population-based follow-up study with 530,350 persons (aged 18-44), including 756 first-time cases diagnosed with non-affective psychosis registered in in- or outpatient psychiatric care in 2005 or 2006. Age-standardised rates of non-employment, disability pension, social assistance and poverty were calculated at baseline and at follow-up in 2010. Odds ratios of poverty were estimated using logistic regression, adjusting for employment status, age, education and country of birth. Before diagnosis, rates of non-employment, disability pension and social assistance were higher among persons with non-affective psychosis compared to the general population. At the follow-up, rates of disability pension had doubled, most pronounced among women with only compulsory education. Rates of social assistance we...Continue Reading

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