EMT Involved in Migration of Stem/Progenitor Cells for Pituitary Development and Regeneration

Journal of Clinical Medicine
Saishu YoshidaYukio Kato

Abstract

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cell migration are important processes in embryonic development of many tissues as well as oncogenesis. The pituitary gland is a master endocrine tissue and recent studies indicate that Sox2-expressing stem/progenitor cells actively migrate and develop this tissue during embryogenesis. Notably, although migration activity of stem/progenitor cells in the postnatal period seems to be reduced compared to that in the embryonic period, it is hypothesized that stem/progenitor cells in the adult pituitary re-migrate from their microenvironment niche to contribute to the regeneration system. Therefore, elucidation of EMT in the pituitary stem/progenitor cells will promote understanding of pituitary development and regeneration, as well as diseases such as pituitary adenoma. In this review, so as to gain more insights into the mechanisms of pituitary development and regeneration, we summarize the EMT in the pituitary by focusing on the migration of pituitary stem/progenitor cells during both embryonic and postnatal organogenesis.

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
flow cytometry
transgenic
delamination
PCR

Related Concepts

Embryo
Embryonic Development
Nerve Regeneration
Pituitary Adenoma
Pituitary Gland
Natural Regeneration
Stem Cells
Organogenesis
Carcinogenesis
Protein Expression

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