DOI: 10.1101/490664Dec 8, 2018Paper

Encoding of the Intent to Drink Alcohol by the Prefrontal Cortex is blunted in Rats with a Family History of Excessive Drinking

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
David N LinsenbardtChristopher C Lapish

Abstract

The prefrontal cortex plays a central role in guiding decision-making, and its function is altered by alcohol use and an individual's innate risk for excessive alcohol drinking. The primary goal of this work was to determine how neural activity in the prefrontal cortex guides the decision to drink. Towards this goal, the within-session changes in neural activity were measured from medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) of rats performing a drinking procedure that allowed them to consume or abstain from alcohol in a self-paced manner. Recordings were obtained from rats that either lacked or expressed an innate risk for excessive alcohol intake - Wistar or Alcohol Preferring 'P' rats, respectively. Wistar rats exhibited patterns of neural activity consistent with the intention to drink or abstain from drinking, whereas these patterns were blunted or absent in P rats. Collectively, these data indicate that neural activity patterns in mPFC associated with the intention to drink alcohol are influenced by innate risk for excessive alcohol drinking. This observation may indicate a lack of control over the decision to drink by this otherwise well-validated supervisory brain region.

Related Concepts

Alcoholic Beverages
Brain
Decision Making
Neuroma
Rats, Wistar
Prefrontal Cortex
Patterns
Protein Expression
WIST, Rat Strain
Medial Prefrontal Cortex

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