Sep 1, 1994

Endocytosis of the beta chain of interleukin-2 receptor requires neither interleukin-2 nor the gamma chain

European Journal of Immunology
A HémarA Dautry-Varsat


Interleukin-2 (IL-2) and IL-2 receptors (IL-2R) critically regulate the magnitude and duration of T cell expansion required in an immune response. Modulation occurs at the level of receptor number and affinity. IL-2R is a multisubunit receptor which contains at least three chains, IL-2R alpha (p55), IL-2R beta (p70) and IL-2R gamma (p64). Some components of high-affinity receptors (alpha beta gamma) are continuously internalized in the absence as well as in the presence of IL-2. From studies on other receptors, it is known that endocytosis of ligand-receptor complexes is due to an intrinsic property of the receptor. However, the specific chains responsible for endocytosis of high-affinity IL-2 receptors have not been fully elucidated. IL-2R gamma has been reported to be necessary for IL-2 internalization, based on the fact that fibroblasts transfected with IL-2R alpha and -beta do not internalize IL-2. However, IL-2 dissociates too rapidly from IL-2R alpha beta receptors to allow for its internalization. From the reported results on IL-2 internalization in transfected fibroblasts, it cannot be concluded as to the respective roles of IL-2R beta and/or IL-2R gamma in endocytosis. As modulation of receptor number is important for ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Lymphoid Cells
RU 49637
Histiocytic Medullary Reticulosis (Disorder)
X-Linked Combined Immunodeficiency Diseases
Cell Line, Transformed
Tumor Cells, Cultured

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.