Nov 1, 1983

Endocytosis of the symbiotic dinoflagellate Symbiodinium microadriaticum Freudenthal by endodermal cells of the scyphistomae of Cassiopeia xamachana and resistance of the algae to host digestion

Journal of Cell Science
W K Fitt, R K Trench

Abstract

The ingestion and fate of four types of particles by endodermal cells of the scyphistomae of Cassiopeia xamachana were investigated by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Ferritin was endocytosed pinocytotically by invagination of the plasmalemma. These small pinocytotic vesicles fuse with other similar vesicles to form larger ferritin-containing vacuoles, which eventually fuse with lysosomes. Such secondary lysosomes exhibit acid phosphatase activity. The co-occurrence of acid phosphatase activity and ferritin in secondary lysosomes achieved maximum frequency within 2 h of uptake of ferritin and was evident for at least 4 h following uptake. Artemia particles, live freshly isolated symbiotic algae (Symbiodinium microadriaticum), and heat-killed S. microadriaticum are phagocytosed by endodermal cells. Ferritin-labelled lysosomes fused with food vacuoles containing particles of Artemia. Vacuoles containing heat-killed S. microadriaticum also showed evidence of phago-lysosome fusion. S. microadriaticum in situ (i.e. in host cells) after 3 days exposure to the photosynthetic inhibitor, 3-(3-4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea, appeared degenerate, and were found in loose-fitting host vacuoles, many in mid and apical port...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Acid Phosphatase
Mutualism
Lysosome Assembly Pathway
Abnormal Degeneration
Endocytosis
Phylum dinoflagellata
Sea Nettle, West Coast
Uptake
Cnidaria
Vesicle

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