Endoluminal stent-grafts for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms

The New England Journal of Medicine
U BlumT Hölzenbein

Abstract

The treatment of aortic aneurysms with endovascular stents or stent-graft prostheses is receiving increasing attention as an alternative to major abdominal surgery. To define the clinical value of this technique, we prospectively studied the use of stent-graft endoprostheses made of nitinol and covered with polyester fabric for the treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. We treated a total of 154 patients at three academic hospitals. Twenty-one patients with aortic aneurysms not involving the aortic bifurcation received straight stent-grafts, and 133 patients with aortic aneurysms involving the bifurcation and the common iliac arteries received bifurcated stent-grafts. After a unilateral surgical arteriotomy, the endoprostheses were advanced through the femoral arteries and placed under fluoroscopic guidance. Computed tomography and intraarterial angiography were performed during an average follow-up of 12.5 months. The primary success rate, defined as complete exclusion of the abdominal aortic aneurysm from the circulation, was 86 percent in the group receiving straight grafts and 87 percent in the group receiving bifurcated grafts. In three patients the procedure had to be converted to an open surgical operation. ...Continue Reading

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