Endoscopic classification of the papilla of Vater. Results of an inter- and intraobserver agreement study

United European Gastroenterology Journal
E HaraldssonScandinavian Association for Digestive Endoscopy (SADE) Study Group of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreaticography

Abstract

Many endoscopists acknowledge that the appearance of the papilla of Vater seems to affect biliary cannulation. To assess the association between the macroscopic appearance of the papilla and biliary cannulation and other related clinical issues, a system is needed to define the appearance of the papilla. The purpose of this study was to validate an endoscopic classification of the papilla of Vater by assessing the interobserver and intraobserver agreements among endoscopist with varying experience. An endoscopic classification, based on pictures captured from 140 different papillae, containing four types of papillae was proposed. The four types are (a) Type 1: regular papilla, no distinctive features, 'classic appearance'; (b) Type 2: small papilla, often flat, with a diameter ≤ 3 mm (approximately 9 Fr); (c) Type 3: protruding or pendulous papilla, a papilla that is standing out, protruding or bulging into the duodenal lumen or sometimes hanging down, pendulous with the orifice oriented caudally; and (d) Type 4: creased or ridged papilla, where the ductal mucosa seems to extend distally, rather out of the papillary orifice, either on a ridge or in a crease. To assess the level of interobserver agreement, a web-based survey was...Continue Reading

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Citations

Dec 14, 2019·European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology·Luís LopesMário Dinis-Ribeiro
Jun 3, 2020·Journal of Clinical Medicine·Gheorghe G BalanCatalin Victor Sfarti
Feb 13, 2019·Digestive Diseases and Sciences·Masafumi WatanabeWasaburo Koizumi
Nov 5, 2020·Surgical Endoscopy·Rachid MohamedNauzer Forbes
Feb 10, 2021·European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology·Mohamed H EmaraAya M Mahros
Mar 22, 2020·Gastroenterology·Ivo Boškoski, Guido Costamagna

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