Endothelium dependent vasodilatation following brief ischaemia and reperfusion in anaesthetised swine

Cardiovascular Research
E O McFallsP D Verdouw


The aim as to compare the responses of intracoronary infusions of ATP, an endothelium dependent vasodilator, with adenosine following brief ischaemia (10 min) and reperfusion in a model of myocardial stunning. In group 1 (n = 6), coronary blood flow and endocardial (endo) and epicardial (epi) percent segment length shortening were measured in the distribution of the left anterior descending coronary artery before and during maximal intracoronary infusions of either adenosine or ATP (20 micrograms.kg-1.min-1). Measurements were obtained before and after myocardial stunning both at control heart rate and during atrial pacing (150 beats.min-1). In group 2 (n = 6), myocardial blood flows by microspheres and arterial-venous lactate and oxygen differences were determined following the same ischaemia-reperfusion protocol to characterise transmural changes in blood flow and metabolism in this model of stunning. The experiments were done on 12 anaesthetised swine, weight 25-39 kg. In group 1, baseline endo and epi segment length shortening were 16(SD 3)% and 14(6)% and following reperfusion were reduced to 10(4)% and 8(6)% respectively (p less than 0.05). Prior to stunning, minimal coronary resistances during adenosine and ATP were 0.81...Continue Reading


Jul 1, 1995·Basic Research in Cardiology·L C Becker
Nov 5, 1999·Archives of Pharmacal Research·W Y LeeS M Lee
Jan 31, 1997·International Journal of Cardiology·S R Maxwell, G Y Lip
Jun 1, 1997·Cardiovascular Research·J H van BlankensteinP D Verdouw
Sep 25, 1998·Cardiovascular Research·D J DunckerP D Verdouw
Jul 1, 1996·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·M C MauneyC G Tribble

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.