Sep 1, 1993

Endotherms, ectotherms, and mitochondrial genome-size variation

Journal of Molecular Evolution
D M Rand

Abstract

The patterns of mitochondrial genome-size variation were investigated in endothermic and ectothermic species to examine the role that thermal habit might play in the evolution of animal mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Data on mtDNA size (the modal, largest, and smallest mtDNA reported within a species), the percent variation in mtDNA size (the difference in size between the largest and smallest mtDNAs divided by the model genome size for a given species), and the frequency of heteroplasmic individuals (those carrying more than one mtDNA length variant) were tabulated from the literature. Endotherms showed significantly less variation in mtDNA size and tended to have smaller mtDNAs than ectotherms. Further comparisons between endothermic and ectothermic vertebrates revealed that the largest genome and the percent variation in genome size were significantly smaller in the former than the latter. There was no difference between endotherms and ectotherms in the frequency of heteroplasmy. These data are discussed in light of two hypotheses: (1) more intense directional and purifying selection for small genome size in the cytoplasms of species with higher metabolic rates and (2) reduced mutation pressures generating mtDNA size variants in...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations45

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Genome
DNA, Mitochondrial
Basal Metabolic Rate
Genetic Equilibrium
DNA Replication
Heat Loss
Biological Evolution
Selection, Genetic
Variation (Genetics)

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Autism: Motor Learning

A common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the impairment of motor control and learning, consistent with perturbation in cerebellar function. Find the latest research on ASD and motor learning here.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

Protein Localization in Disease & Therapy

Localization of proteins is critical for ensuring the correct location for physiological functioning. If an error occurs, diseases such as cardiovascular, neurodegenerative disorders and cancers can present. Therapies are being explored to target this mislocalization. Here is the latest research on protein localization in disease and therapy.

Genetic Screens in Bacteria

Genetic screens can provide important information on gene function as well as the molecular events that underlie a biological process or pathway. Here is the latest research on genetic screens in bacteria.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.