Endovascular graft repair of ruptured aortoiliac aneurysms

Journal of the American College of Surgeons
T OhkiR T Lyon

Abstract

The feasibility of endovascular graft (EVG) repair of ruptured aortoiliac aneurysms (AIAs) has yet to be demonstrated. There are inherent limitations in EVG repair, including the need for preoperative measurements of the aneurysmal and adjacent arterial anatomy to determine the appropriate size and type of graft and the inherent delay to obtain proximal occlusion. We developed an EVG system with broad versatility that largely eliminates these problems. Between 1993 and 1998, within an experience of 134 endovascular AIA repairs, 12 ruptured AIAs were treated using EVGs that facilitated intraoperative customization and eliminated the need for preoperative measurements. The EVGs consisted of either a Palmaz stent and a PTFE graft deployed by a compliant balloon (n = 9) or a self-expanding covered stent graft (n = 3). Both grafts were cut to the appropriate length intraoperatively. The mean age of the patients was 72 years (range 40 to 86 years). The mean size of the aneurysms was 7.6 cm (range 3 to 16 cm). Preoperative symptoms were present in all patients and included abdominal or back pain (n = 9), syncope (n = 4), and external bleeding (n = 2). All patients were high surgical risks because of comorbid disease (n = 10) or previo...Continue Reading

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