PMID: 36970Jan 1, 1978

Energy transduction in the mitochondrionlike bacterium Paracoccus denitrificans during carbon- or sulphate-limited aerobic growth in continuous culture

Canadian Journal of Biochemistry
H G Lawford

Abstract

Paracoccus denitrificans was grown in carbon-limited aerobic continuous culture (critical dilution rate (Dc) = 0.48 h-1). The molar growth yield for carbon (succinate or malate) was constant at about 60 over a broad dilution range (growth rate) from 0.10 to 0.48 h-1. Measurements of the stoichiometry of proton translocation associated with the oxidation of endogenous substrates yielded a ratio of protons ejected from the cell per atom of oxygen consumed(leads to H+:O) of 8.55 which decreased to 5.85 in the presence of piericidin A (PA), a specific inhibitor of NADH dehydrogenase (EC 1.6.99.3). With starved cells, the observed leads to H+:O associated with the oxidation of added succinate in the presence of PA was 5.61. These observed leads to H:O's represent an underestimation since no correction was made for proton backflow during the short interval of respiratory activity. Aerobic growth of Pc. denitrificans in the chemostat becomes sulphate limited at entering concentrations of sulphate less than 300 is microM. Neither the maximum specific growth rate (measured at Dc) nor the observed molar growth yield for succinate decreased under sulphate limitation. The NADH oxidase in electron transport particles prepared from sulphate-...Continue Reading

References

Jun 1, 1988·Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes·R A CapaldiW Yanamura
Jan 1, 1980·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·B Ludwig, G Schatz
Jul 1, 1978·Archives of Microbiology·H W van Verseveld, A H Stouthamer
Apr 1, 1983·Antonie van Leeuwenhoek·D Castignetti, T C Hollocher

Related Concepts

Paracoccus denitrificans
Sulfates, Inorganic
Energy Transfer
Aerobiosis
Electron Transport
Succinates
Carbonyl Cyanide m-Chlorophenyl Hydrazone
Transduction
Oxidation
Succinate

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.