Dec 22, 2007

Engineered nanomaterials in soils and water: how do they behave and could they pose a risk to human health?

Nanomedicine
A B A BoxallQasim Chaudhry

Abstract

It is inevitable that, during their use, engineered nanoparticles will be released into soils and waters. There is therefore increasing concern over the potential impacts of engineered nanoparticles in the environment on aquatic and terrestrial organisms and on human health. Once released into the environment, engineered nanoparticles will aggregate to some degree; they might also associate with suspended solids, sediment, be accumulated by organisms and enter drinking water sources and food materials. These fate processes are dependent on the characteristics of the particle and the characteristics of the environmental system. A range of ecotoxicological effects have also been reported, including effects on microbes, plants, invertebrates and fish. Although available data indicate that current risks of engineered nanoparticles in the environment to environmental and human health are probably low, our knowledge of the potential impacts of engineered nanoparticles in the environment on human health is still limited. There is therefore a need for continued work to develop an understanding of the exposure levels for engineered nanoparticles in environmental systems and to begin to explore the implications of these levels in terms o...Continue Reading

  • References26
  • Citations79

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Nanostructured Materials
Landfill Leachate
Toxicology
Soil Pollutants
Sediment
Invertebrates
Ecotoxicology
Environmental Illness
Environmental Exposure
Benefit-Risk Assessment

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