Enhanced susceptibility for acquired torsade de pointes arrhythmias in the dog with chronic, complete AV block is related to cardiac hypertrophy and electrical remodeling

Marc A VosH J Wellens


Chronic, complete AV block (CAVB) in the dog leads to ventricular hypertrophy, which has been described as an independent risk factor for arrhythmias. In this model, we examined (1) whether the short- and long-term electrical adaptations predispose to acquired torsade de pointes arrhythmias (TdP) and (2) the nature of the structural and functional adaptations involved. We determined (1) endocardial right (RV) and left (LV) ventricular APD, DeltaAPD (LV APD-RV APD), presence of EADs at 0 weeks (acute: AAVB), and CAVB (6 weeks) and inducibility of TdP by pacing and d-sotalol (n=10); (2) steady-state and dynamic LV hemodynamics at 0 and 6 weeks (n=6); (3) plasma neurohumoral levels in time (n=7); (4) structural parameters of the LV and RV of CAVB dogs (n=6) compared with sinus rhythm (SR) dogs (n=6); and (5) expression of ventricular mRNA atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in CAVB (n=4) and SR (n=4) dogs. Compared with AAVB, CAVB led to nonhomogeneous prolongation of LV and RV APD and different sensitivity for d-sotalol, leading to EADs (4 of 14 versus 9 of 18, P<0.05), increased DeltaAPD (45+/-30 versus 125+/-60 ms, P<0.05), and induction of TdP in most dogs (0% versus 60%, P<0.05). CAVB led to biventricular hypertrophy, whereas LV ...Continue Reading


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