Enhancement of radiosensitivity by tamoxifen in C6 glioma cells

Neurosurgery
W ZhangY Nozawa

Abstract

The antiestrogen drug tamoxifen, which is used extensively in the treatment of breast cancer, has also been reported to inhibit the proliferation of some estrogen receptor-negative cell lines, including malignant glioma in vitro. To explore the possible role of tamoxifen in the treatment of malignant glioma, we have investigated its effects on cell growth and radiosensitivity in C6 glioma cells using a colony-forming assay and a tetrazolium-formazan growth rate assay. Pretreatment of C6 cells with tamoxifen resulted in dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth and enhancement of the antitumor effects of ACNU and irradiation. The radiosensitivity of the treated cells was enhanced by the administration of 5 mumol/L of tamoxifen either before and during irradiation or continuously before, during, and after irradiation [37% survival dose (Do) = 2.68 +/- 0.19 and 2.64 +/- 0.04 Gy, respectively, P < 0.01)], as compared with controls (Do = 3.79 +/- 0.25 Gy). In addition, protein kinase C activity was also inhibited by tamoxifen at the concentration in which the radiosensitivity was augmented in C6 cells. Taken together, our results demonstrate a synergistic effect of tamoxifen with radiation on intracellular damage in C6 glioma cells, ...Continue Reading

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