Jul 1, 1987

Enhancement of the rectal absorption of sodium ampicillin by N-acylamino acids in rats

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
W M WuN Yata

Abstract

The promoting efficacies of N-acyl derivatives of amino acids on the rectal absorption of sodium ampicillin were investigated using the rat rectal loop technique. N-Acyl derivatives with longer carbon chains in the acyl moiety showed a greater promoting potency. The promoting potencies of N-acyl derivatives of phenylglycine and phenylalanine were greater than those of glycine and alanine derivatives when compared at the same length of carbon chain in their acyl moieties. The promoting action of N-acylamino acids was not influenced by the presence of N-ethylmaleimide or ouabain. The promoting potencies of N-acylamino acids were depressed in the presence of calcium chloride in the rectal loop. The contribution of the calcium ion sequestration capacity of N-acylamino acids to their promoting efficacies is discussed.

  • References2
  • Citations5

References

  • References2
  • Citations5

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Ethylmaleimide
Calcium
August Rats
Ouabain
Rectum
Ukapen
Intestinal Absorption
Osmotic Stress

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.