DOI: 10.1101/513598Jan 7, 2019Paper

Enhancer transcription identifies cis-regulatory elements for photoreceptor cell types

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Rangarajan D NadadurIvan P Moskowitz


Identification of the cis-regulatory elements (CREs) that regulate gene expression in specific cell types is critical for defining the gene regulatory networks (GRNs) that control normal physiology and disease states. We previously utilized non-coding RNA (ncRNA) profiling to define CREs that comprise a GRN in the adult mouse heart (Yang 2017). Here, we applied ncRNA profiling to the mouse retina in the presence and absence of Nrl, a rod photoreceptor-specific transcription factor required for rod versus cone photoreceptor cell fate. Differential expression of Nrl-dependent ncRNAs positively correlated with differential expression of Nrl-dependent local genes. Two distinct Nrl-dependent regulatory networks were discerned in parallel: Nrl-activated ncRNAs were enriched for accessible chromatin in rods but not cones whereas Nrl-repressed ncRNAs were enriched for accessible chromatin in cones but not rods. Furthermore, differential Nrl-dependent ncRNA expression levels quantitatively correlated with photoreceptor cell type-specific ATAC-seq read density. Direct assessment of Nrl-dependent ncRNA-defined loci identified functional cone photoreceptor CREs. This work supports differential ncRNA profiling as a platform for identifying ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Genes, Regulator
Physiological Aspects
Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid
Transcription Factor
Transcription, Genetic

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