Aug 31, 2019

Enhancing Potency and Selectivity of a DC-SIGN Glycomimetic Ligand by Fragment-Based Design: Structural Basis

Chemistry : a European Journal
Laura MedveFranck Fieschi

Abstract

Chemical modification of pseudo-dimannoside ligands guided by fragment-based design allowed for the exploitation of an ammonium-binding region in the vicinity of the mannose-binding site of DC-SIGN, leading to the synthesis of a glycomimetic antagonist (compound 16) of unprecedented affinity and selectivity against the related lectin langerin. Here, the computational design of pseudo-dimannoside derivatives as DC-SIGN ligands, their synthesis, their evaluation as DC-SIGN selective antagonists, the biophysical characterization of the DC-SIGN/16 complex, and the structural basis for the ligand activity are presented. On the way to the characterization of this ligand, an unusual bridging interaction within the crystals shed light on the plasticity and potential secondary binding sites within the DC-SIGN carbohydrate recognition domain.

  • References33
  • Citations1

References

  • References33
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Evaluation
Binding Protein
Site
Binding (Molecular Function)
CD209
Structure
Crystal Structure
CD209 protein, human
Fragments
Antagonists

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.