PMID: 6365850Jan 1, 1984Paper

Enkephalin immunoreactivity in iris nerves: distribution in normal and grafted irides, persistence and enhanced fluorescence after denervations

H BjörklundA Seiger


The morphology and distribution of nerve fibers showing enkephalin-like immunoreactivity was studied in rat and mouse iris whole mounts. In adult rat, a relatively dense network of varicose fibers was seen throughout the iris. Individual, long, usually smooth fibers were observed running together with non-fluorescent fibers in bundles. Positive nerve fibers were also seen in the ciliary body and the choroid membrane. The fluorescence intensity was normally low. No enkephalin-positive fibers were detected in adult mouse iris. Extirpation or lesioning either one or all the three ganglia known to supply the rat iris with nerve fibers, the superior cervical, the ciliary and the trigeminal ganglia, caused no detectable decrease in amount of enkephalin-positive fibers. However, in irides grafted to the anterior eye chamber of adult recipients, no enkephalin-positive fibers could be observed 2-12 days postoperatively, strongly suggesting that degeneration of these fibers had occurred. When iris grafts were left longer in the eye, nerve fibers with enkephalin-like immunoreactivity reappeared. An increased fluorescence intensity was observed both in the ipsilateral and contralateral iris following extirpation or lesioning all three gang...Continue Reading


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