Enteric duplications of the pancreatic head: definitive management by local resection
Enteric duplications can occur throughout the entire alimentary tract. When they occur in the pancreatic head, they present a formidable challenge in both diagnosis and treatment. Surgical management has ranged from simple drainage to local excision or radical resection (eg, Whipple procedure). The authors propose that with identification of the local anatomic relationships, definitive management can be achieved by complete local resection of the cyst mucosa. The authors have treated four patients, ages 13 months to 4 years for enteric duplication cysts within the pancreatic head. Clinical presentations were quite varied, including pancreatitis (n = 2), gastritis (secondary to increased production of gastrin), and recurrent pleural effusion with high amylase content. Two of the four cysts had been drained initially using Roux-en-Y cystenterostomies. Our preoperative imaging studies included abdominal ultrasonography, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), angiography, computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning. When necessary intraoperatively, ultrasonography was used for cyst localization and transduodenal pancreatography to define precise ductal relationships. All four duplicatio...Continue Reading
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Atrophic Gastritis is a process where gastric glandular cells are lost and replaced with firbous tissues, as a result of chronic inflammation. Learn more about Atrophic Gastritis here.