Jun 1, 1985

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli enteritis: evaluation of the gnotobiotic piglet as a model of human infection

S R TziporiE McCartney


The pathogenicity of classical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli strains of human origin was investigated in gnotobiotic piglets. One to two day old piglets in groups of four were infected perorally with approximately 10(8) colony forming units of one of eight enteropathogenic E coli strains or a non-pathogenic control strain. Animals were necropsied 24 or 48 hours after infection and their intestines were subjected to histological examination, quantitative bacterial culture and estimation of lactase activity. Four enteropathogenic E coli strains caused mild to moderate diarrhoea in nine of the 16 piglets inoculated with them. Piglets given two of these strains later became moribund. One enteropathogenic E coli strain caused a severe illness unaccompanied by diarrhoea. Inflammation of the intestinal mucosa occurred with all eight enteropathogenic E coli strains, but not with the control strain. Pathological changes were most pronounced in the distal ileum and colon and adherent bacteria were seen on the surface of the inflamed mucosa. The extent of the inflammatory response in infected piglets for the most part paralleled the severity of the clinical signs, the degree of bacterial colonisation and the reduction in lactase activ...Continue Reading

  • References16
  • Citations35


  • References16
  • Citations35


Mentioned in this Paper

Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Escherichia Coli Infections
Structure of Intestinal Gland
Electron Microscopy
Family suidae

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