Enteropathogens associated with acute diarrhea in children from households with high socioeconomic level in uruguay

International Journal of Microbiology
Gustavo VarelaF Schelotto

Abstract

Infectious diarrhea, a common disease of children, deserves permanent monitoring in all social groups. To know the etiology and clinical manifestations of acute diarrhea in children up to 5 years of age from high socioeconomic level households, we conducted a descriptive, microbiological, and clinical study. Stools from 59 children with acute community-acquired diarrhea were examined, and their parents were interviewed concerning symptoms and signs. Rotavirus, adenovirus, and norovirus were detected by commercially available qualitative immunochromatographic lateral flow rapid tests. Salmonella, Campylobacter, Yersinia, and Shigella were investigated by standard bacteriological methods and diarrheagenic E. coli by PCR assays. We identified a potential enteric pathogen in 30 children. The most frequent causes of diarrhea were enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), viruses, Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Shiga-toxin-producing E. coli (STEC). Only 2 patients showed mixed infections. Our data suggest that children with viral or Campylobacter diarrhea were taken to the hospital earlier than those infected with EPEC. One child infected with STEC O26 developed "complete" HUS. The microbiological results highlight the importance of zoonotic ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mar 29, 2016·Journal of Clinical Virology : the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology·Tatiane da Silva PolóAxel Mauroy
Dec 6, 2018·The Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology = Journal Canadien Des Maladies Infectieuses Et De La Microbiologie Médicale·Vivian PeiranoGustavo Varela
Jan 19, 2018·Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease·Margaret MokomaneDavid M Goldfarb
Sep 15, 2017·Microbes and Environments·Ana UmpiérrezPablo Zunino

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
PCR
electrophoresis

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