PMID: 44178Oct 1, 1979

Enterovirus inactivation in soil

Applied and Environmental Microbiology
J G Yeager, R T O'Brien

Abstract

The inactivation of radioactively labeled poliovirus type 1 and coxsackievirus B 1 in soils saturated with surface water, groundwater, and septic tank liquor was directly proportional to temperature. Virus persistence was also related to soil type and the liquid amendment in which viruses were suspended. At 37 degrees C, no infectivity was recovered from saturated soil after 12 days; at 4 degrees C, viruses persisted for at least 180 days. No infectivity was recovered from dried soil regardless of temperature, soil type, or liquid amendment. Additional experiments showed that evaporation of soil water was largely responsible for the decreased recovery of infectivity from drying soil. Increased rates of virus inactivation at low soil moisture levels were also demonstrated.

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Related Concepts

Virus Inactivation
Bacteriophage Plaque Assay
Adsorption
Human poliovirus 3
Coxsackieviruses B
Enterovirus
Amniotic Fluid
HeLa Cells
Soil Microbiology
Human enterovirus B

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