DOI: 15, 2021Proceedings Paper

Entropy Generation and Efficiency of a Transonic Rotor With Water Injection: A Numerical Study

Natan ZawadzkiDavid Alejandro Block Novelo


The application of compressor water injection in aeroengines is of renewed interest in the civil aviation industry. Water due to its unprecedented heat capacity has the potential to cool the engine air through evaporation and thus reduce the NOx emissions formed in a combustion process. It is well known that the evaporative cooling increases thermodynamic cycle efficiency and thus improves the fuel economy. A relatively unexplored area, however, is the entropy generation due to water phase change as well as the balance between the corresponding entropy yield and the savings from the cooling of the core compressor flow. Hence, little consensus in the literature exists on the ultimate effect of water injection on compressor efficiency. In this study, a numerical analysis of water injection on an axial transonic rotor was carried out. The compressor model was tested at near-peak efficiency conditions with and without water injection. The flow was analysed using the Eulerian-Lagrangian approach with two-way coupling and the k-ω Shear Stress Transport turbulence model with Reattachment Modification. A universal, second thermodynamic law approach to quantify the entropy generation is proposed and used to evaluate the compressor flow....Continue Reading

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