Feb 27, 1976

Envelope mutation promoting autolysis in Salmonella typhimurium

Molecular & General Genetics : MGG
D N Antón, L V Orce

Abstract

Two strains independently isolated in Salmonella typhimurium display abnormal autolytic activity when nutrient broth becomes alkaline. They also show increased sensitivity to deoxycholate, EDTA, and sodium dodecyl sulfate. Response to acridine orange remains normal. In both strains a single stable mutation is responsible for all the changes. The same gene, called envD, appears to be involved in both mutant strains. envD has been located at minute 33 of the Salmonella genetic map, between markers sucA and nadA, very close to the latter. envD also affects morphological characteristics of the cells. Many mutant cells are shorter than wild type bacteria, and appear frequently associated in short chains of 4 to 10 cells. Furthermore, envD mutants display division by septation under conditions that preclude its observation in wild type strains.

Mentioned in this Paper

Deoxycholic Acid, Monoammonium Salt
Salmonella Infections
Irium
Bacteriolysis
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Edetic Acid, Calcium, Sodium Salt
Salmonella typhimurium LT2

About this Paper

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