Nov 16, 2006

Environment and schizophrenia: environmental factors in schizophrenia: childhood trauma--a critical review

Schizophrenia Bulletin
Craig Morgan, Helen Fisher

Abstract

There is renewed interest in the relationship between early childhood trauma and risk of psychosis in adulthood. There are a large number of studies of psychiatric inpatients, and of outpatients in which a majority have a psychotic disorder, that suggest the prevalence of childhood trauma in these populations is high. However, these are generally small studies of diagnostically heterogeneous and chronic samples and, as such, can tell us very little about whether childhood trauma is of etiological importance in psychosis. A small number of recent population-based studies provide more robust evidence of an association, and there are now plausible biological mechanisms linking childhood trauma and psychosis. However, there remain a number of conceptual and methodological issues, which mean much more research is needed before firm conclusions can be drawn about whether childhood trauma is a cause of psychosis.

Mentioned in this Paper

Prevalence Studies
Schizophrenia
Psychiatry Specialty
Outpatients
Exogenous Factors
Analysis, Event History
Social Ecology
Schizophrenic Psychology
Psychotic Disorders
Inpatient

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