Jun 2, 2020

Environmental and social analysis as risk factors for the spread of the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) using remote sensing, GIS and analytical hierarchy process (AHP): Case of Peru

MedRxiv : the Preprint Server for Health Sciences
Edwin N Badillo RiveraM. S. Medina Acu&ntildea

Abstract

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) generated by the SARS-CoV-2 virus was originated in the city of Wuhan (China) in December 2019, the virus began to spread in other regions of China until it spread to the rest of the world. In this research, an analysis was made of environmental factors (tropospheric column of NO2, vertical airflow, percentage of solid waste disposed of in open dumps and percentage of the population without any mechanism of faeces disposal) and social factors (levels of monetary poverty, percentage of the number of hospitals per population and vulnerable population) that could directly and indirectly affect the spread of SARS-CoV-2 virus in the regions of Peru. Remote sensing techniques, geographic information systems and an analysis under the multi-parametric statistical approach proposed by Saaty were used to determine which regions present greater susceptibility, vulnerability and risk of spreading the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The results show that the prevalence of high values of tropospheric NO2 and values close to 0 Pa/s of the vertical airflow were directly related to the number of positive cases by COVID-19. In addition, it was found that 68% of the regions of Peru are at a "high" and "very high" risk o...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Hand Sanitization
Health Care
Population Group
Location - Remote
Tropospheric Ozone
Nitrogen Dioxide
Virus
Coronaviridae
Solanum piurae
Vulnerable Populations

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