ENVIRONMENTAL EXPENSES IN MUNICIPAL BUDGETS IN POLAND IN THE CONTEXT OF ASPIRING TO BECOMING A SMART, SUSTAINABLE CITY

Izabela Jonek-Kowalska, Jan Kaźmierczak

Abstract

Environmental protection is one of the key priorities of sustainable development. Nowadays, in contemporary economies and organizations it is also the basic component of development strategies. Unfortunately, its real implementation is associated with significant financial expenses and long-term payback period and as a result - in fact - it often becomes only the basic component of media and marketing strategies. Therefore, the main aim of this article is to analyse the scope and changes of environmental expenses in the municipal budgets in Poland as one of the conditions for becoming a smart community or smart city. The research includes financial statistics of 2,477 municipal communities in Poland from the period of 2003-2018 and the research questions are: 1) What were the tendencies in the environmental expenses, their level and their share in the municipal budgets for the analysed period, and (2) how could these tendencies be identified in the context of creating a smart community or smart city? The used methodology is based on budget statistical data from 2003-2018 and includes structure and dynamics indices as well as trend functions.

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