PMID: 5900218Jan 1, 1966

Environmental temperature and choline requirements in rats. II. Choline and methionine requirements for lipotropic activity.

Journal of Lipid Research
J S Chahl, C C Kratzing

Abstract

Young rats were fed choline-deficient diets and maintained at different environmental temperatures. The hepatic lipid level remained normal in rats at 2 degrees when 25 mg of choline per 100 g of food was fed; 50 mg of choline per 100 g food was required at 21 degrees and 100 mg of choline per 100 g food at 33 degrees to prevent excessive lipid accumulation. These values were equivalent to a mean daily intake per rat of 3 mg of choline at 2 degrees, 5.5 mg at 21 degrees, and 7 mg at 33 degrees respectively. When the growth rate was slower owing to a slight inadequacy of histidine in the basal choline-deficient diet, normal hepatic lipid was maintained by supplements of 50 mg of choline per 100 g food at 21 degrees and 33 degrees. Increasing the methionine content of the diet two- or three-fold from a basal value of 340 mg per 100 g food was as effective as 200 mg of choline per 100 g of food in lowering hepatic lipids at 2 degrees, 21 degrees, and 33 degrees.

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Choline Hydroxide
Choline Deficiency
Deficiency Diseases
Steatohepatitis
Liver
Pedameth
Temperature
Lipid Metabolism
Rattus

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