PMID: 5900218Jan 1, 1966

Environmental temperature and choline requirements in rats. II. Choline and methionine requirements for lipotropic activity.

Journal of Lipid Research
J S Chahl, C C Kratzing


Young rats were fed choline-deficient diets and maintained at different environmental temperatures. The hepatic lipid level remained normal in rats at 2 degrees when 25 mg of choline per 100 g of food was fed; 50 mg of choline per 100 g food was required at 21 degrees and 100 mg of choline per 100 g food at 33 degrees to prevent excessive lipid accumulation. These values were equivalent to a mean daily intake per rat of 3 mg of choline at 2 degrees, 5.5 mg at 21 degrees, and 7 mg at 33 degrees respectively. When the growth rate was slower owing to a slight inadequacy of histidine in the basal choline-deficient diet, normal hepatic lipid was maintained by supplements of 50 mg of choline per 100 g food at 21 degrees and 33 degrees. Increasing the methionine content of the diet two- or three-fold from a basal value of 340 mg per 100 g food was as effective as 200 mg of choline per 100 g of food in lowering hepatic lipids at 2 degrees, 21 degrees, and 33 degrees.

Related Concepts

Choline Hydroxide
Choline Deficiency
Deficiency Diseases
Lipid Metabolism

Related Feeds

ASBMB Publications

The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB) includes the Journal of Biological Chemistry, Molecular & Cellular Proteomics, and the Journal of Lipid Research. Discover the latest research from ASBMB here.