Enzymatic Evidence for a Complete Oxidative Pentose Phosphate Pathway in Chloroplasts and an Incomplete Pathway in the Cytosol of Spinach Leaves

Plant Physiology
C SchnarrenbergerW Martin

Abstract

The intracellular localization of transaldolase, transketolase, ribose-5-phosphate isomerase, and ribulose-5-phosphate epimerase was reexamined in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) leaves. We found highly predominant if not exclusive localization of these enzyme activities in chloroplasts isolated by isopyknic centrifugation in sucrose gradients. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, glucose phosphate isomerase, and triose phosphate isomerase activity was present in the chloroplast fraction but showed additional activity in the cytosol (supernatant) fraction attributable to the cytosol-specific isoforms known to exist for these enzymes. Anion-exchange chromatography of proteins of crude extracts on diethylaminoethyl-Fractogel revealed only a single enzyme each for transaldolase, transketolase, ribose-5-phosphate isomerase, and ribulose-5-phosphate epimerase. The data indicate that chloroplasts of spinach leaf cells possess the complete complement of enzymes of the oxidative pentose phosphate path-way (OPPP), whereas the cytosol contains only the first two reactions, contrary to the widely held view that plants generally possess a cytosolic OPPP capable of cyclic function. The chloroplast enzymes tran...Continue Reading

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