Nov 1, 1976

Enzymatic studies on a cellulase system of Trichoderma viride. IV. Purification and properties of a less-random type cellulase

Journal of Biochemistry
G Okada


A cellulase [EC] component was purified from a crude cellulase preparation of Trichoderma viride (Meicelase) by consecutive column chromatography procedures, and was designated as cellulase III. The enzyme was homogeneous on polyacrylamide gel disc electrophoresis. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be about 45,000 by gel filtration. The optimum pH and temperature of the enzyme were pH 4.5-5.0 and 50 degrees, respectively. The enzyme was stable over the range of pH 4.5-7.5 at 4 degrees for 24 hr, and retained 40% of the original carboxymethylcellulose-saccharifying activity after heating at 100 degrees for 10 min. The enzyme was completely inactivated by 1 mM Hg2+, and partially by 1 mM Ag+ and Cu2+. The enzyme was characterized as a less-random type cellulase on the basis of its action on carboxymethylcellulose. The enzyme split cellohexaose, retaining the beta-configuration of the anomeric carbon atoms in the hydrolysis products. The Km values of cellulase III for cellooligosaccharides decreased in parallel with increase of the chain length of the substrates, while Vmax values showed a tendency to increase. The enzyme produced predominantly cellobiose and glucose from various cellulosic substrates as ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Trichoderma viride antigen
Polyacrylamide Gels
Gel Chromatography
Electrophoresis, Disc

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