Mar 1, 1987

Enzymatic study to characterize the slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A) and leukotrienes

Japanese Journal of Pharmacology
H KomatsuS Ikeda

Abstract

Slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A) has been shown to be one of the major mediators in hypersensitive reactions and to be composed of leukotriene (LT) C4, LTD4 and LTE4. In the present study, we examined the properties of SRS-A released from sensitized guinea pig lungs by antigen and SRS released from rat peritoneal exudate cells and from human leucocytes by ionophore A23187 (0.5 and 0.2 microgram/ml, respectively). By the incubation with SRS-A, SRS and LTs with arylsulfatase (type V) in pH 5.7 buffered solution at 37 degrees C for 30 min, SRS-A and LTD4 were greatly inactivated and rat SRS was slightly inactivated, but human SRS and LTC4 were not inactivated at all. The same results were obtained when aminopeptidase was used in place of arylsulfatase. Moreover, when SRS-A, LTC4 and LTD4 were incubated with 0.02 mg/ml of gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (gamma-GTP) pH 8.0 buffered solution at 37 degrees C for 30 min, the activities of SRS-A and LTD4 were slightly decreased, but those of SRS and LTC4 were obviously potentiated. On the other hand, incubation with a large amount of gamma-GTP (0.2 mg/ml) a dose at which this enzyme preparation showed clear aminopeptidase activity, SRS-A, SRS, LTC4 and LTD4 were obviously ina...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Lung
Gamma-glutamyl transferase
August Rats
Tissue Specificity
Aminopeptidase
Leukocytes
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Procedure
Anaphylaxis
Drug Stability
ARSI

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Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death.