Jan 1, 1986

Enzymatic synthesis and some properties of a model primitive tRNA

Journal of Molecular Evolution
M KinjoM Ishigami

Abstract

A model primitive tRNA with the nucleotide sequence GGCCAAAAAAAGGCCp was synthesized using T4 RNA ligase. The nucleotide sequence of this newly synthesized oligonucleotide was confirmed by ladder analysis of several enzymatic digestion products. The secondary structure of the oligonucleotide was examined by comparison of the products of its digestion by single- and double-strand-specific nucleases with those of the digestion of the intermediate oligonucleotide GGCCAAAAAAAOH. The results indicated that the two GGCC segments of the 5' and 3' ends of the model tRNA may form base pairs in solution. The same conclusion was derived from the result of affinity-column chromatography of the model oligonucleotide. When 32pGGCCAAAAAAAGGCCOH was passed through a poly(U)-agarose column, about 70% of the applied sample bound to the poly(U)-agarose. In contrast, when the model oligonucleotide was passed through a poly(C)-agarose column, only 15% of the sample bound to the poly(C)-agarose. These results indicate that the newly synthesized oligonucleotide adopts a hairpin structure in solution. Two aspects of a potential biological activity of the synthetic model tRNA were examined. It was found that the oligonucleotide can bind to poly(U)-prog...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

RNA Chemical Synthesis
RNA Ligase (ATP)
MT-TA gene
Triplet Codon-amino Acid Adaptor Activity
Transfer RNA
Q beta Replicase
Poly A
Nuclease
Ribosomes
Oligonucleotides

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