Enzyme-aided modification of chicken-breast myofibril proteins: effect of laccase and transglutaminase on gelation and thermal stability

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
R LanttoKarin Autio


The effect of laccase and transglutaminase (TG) on cross-linking, gelation, and thermal stability of salt-soluble chicken-breast myofibril proteins was investigated at pH 6. Both enzymes modified the protein pattern detected by SDS-PAGE. Identification of proteins by peptide mass mapping showed that myosin heavy chain (MHC) and troponin T were the most affected proteins. These proteins faded or disappeared as a function of the incubation time with both enzymes on SDS-PAGE. The molecular weight of actin was not, however, affected by either enzyme. The effects that the enzymes had on the gel formation of chicken-breast myofibrils were studied in 0.35 and 0.60 M NaCl solutions at 3% protein content and a constant temperature of 40 degrees C by using a small deformation viscoelastic measurement. TG substantially increased the storage modulus (G') of 3% protein in 0.35 M NaCl. Without the enzymes, gelation was insignificant in 0.35 M NaCl. The increased solubility of the proteins at 0.60 M NaCl intensified gelation with TG. G' increased 32 and 64% at dosages of 10 and 100 nkat of TG, respectively. Also, laccase increased G' of the gel in 0.60 M salt concentration. However, a high laccase dosage decreased the magnitude of G' below th...Continue Reading


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