PMID: 7000809Jun 1, 1980

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of Haemophilus influenzae type b antigen

Journal of Clinical Microbiology
B L WetherallP J McDonald

Abstract

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of Haemophilus influenzae type b antigen was developed. It was able to detect purified polyribose phosphate at concentrations of greater than or equal to 1 ng/ml in cerebrospinal fluid. This was 50 times more sensitive than counterimmunoelectrophoresis with the same antiserum. The sensitivity for polyribose phosphate in urine was similar, but that in serum was about 10 times less. Nonspecific reactions were observed with blood-stained cerebrospinal fluid and some sera. These were differentiated from true positive reactions by a blocking test with unconjugated immune serum. A wide range of organisms was tested for cross-reactivity in the assay. With the exception of a protein A-rich strain of Staphylococcus aureus, they gave absorbances of < 8% of that of the homologous system. In a series of five cases of proven H. influenzae type b meningitis, the sensitivity of the assay with cerebrospinal fluid was confirmed to be at least 2(5) times greater than that of counterimmunoelectrophoresis. The results indicate that the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay is highly sensitive and specific in detecting H. influenzae type b antigen. The necessity to perform the blocking assay on all...Continue Reading

Citations

Aug 20, 2016·Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology·Seyed Fazlolah MousaviAli Reza Janani
Jan 1, 1985·Medical Microbiology and Immunology·P S Huber, I N Egwu

Related Concepts

Antigens, Bacterial
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Countercurrent Electrophoresis Measurement
Cross Reactions
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Haemophilus influenzae
Peroxidase-Antiperoxidase Complex Technique
Meningitis, Haemophilus Parainfluenzae
Urine

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