PMID: 6089514Jan 1, 1984

Enzymes of serine metabolism in normal, developing and neoplastic rat tissues

Advances in Enzyme Regulation
K Snell

Abstract

The cellular pattern of serine metabolism was conceptualized into four main areas of metabolic sequences: the biosynthesis of serine from intermediates of the glycolytic pathway (the so-called "phosphorylated pathway"); and alternative pathways of serine utilization initiated by serine dehydratase, serine aminotransferase and serine hydroxymethyltransferase. The known regulatory and adaptive properties of the enzymes involved in these pathways were reviewed in detail and key enzymes associated with each pathway (phosphoserine aminotransferase, serine dehydratase, serine aminotransferase, and serine hydroxymethyltransferase, respectively) were selected for further investigation. Tissue distribution studies in the rat revealed that whereas serine dehydratase and serine aminotransferase activities were largely confined to the liver, phosphoserine aminotransferase and serine hydroxymethyltransferase activities were more broadly distributed. In particular in tissues with a high rate of cell turnover, phosphoserine aminotransferase and serine hydroxymethyltransferase activities were coordinately increased. An increase in serine hydroxymethyltransferase activity coincided temporally with the incorporation of [3-14C]serine and thymidin...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Biochemical Pathway
Choline phosphatase
Fetal Structures
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Gluconeogenesis
Thymidine
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Phosphoserine aminotransferase
Lymphocytes as Percentage of Blood Leukocytes (Lab Test)

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