PMID: 6493Jan 1, 1976

Enzymic basis for cyclic GMP accumulation in degenerative photoreceptor cells of mouse retina

Journal of Cyclic Nucleotide Research
D B Farber, R N Lolley

Abstract

The activities of guanylate cyclase, guanosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (cyclic GMP) phosphodiesterase and 5'-nucleotidase were measured during postnatal development in retinas of control and C3H/HeJ mice. In control retina, each of these enzyme activities increases in conjunction with photoreceptor cell differentiation and maturation. In C3H retina, guanylate cyclase and 5-nucleotidase activities increase with photoreceptor cell development and decrease with photoreceptor cell death. However, the activity of a class of cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase which distinguishes the photoreceptor cells of control mice and those of several other species is not demonstrable in retina of C3H mice at any age. It is suggested that the deficiency in cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase activity may account for the accumulation of cyclic GMP which has been shown to occur in the C3H photoreceptor cells before they degenerate.

Related Concepts

Senility
Cyclic GMP
Guanylate Cyclase
Mice, Inbred Strains
Nerve Degeneration
Nucleotidases
Phosphoric diester hydrolase
Ciliary Photoreceptor Cells
Retina

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