Epidemiology, diagnosis, and antimicrobial treatment of acute bacterial meningitis.

Clinical Microbiology Reviews
M C BrouwerD van de Beek

Abstract

The epidemiology of bacterial meningitis has changed as a result of the widespread use of conjugate vaccines and preventive antimicrobial treatment of pregnant women. Given the significant morbidity and mortality associated with bacterial meningitis, accurate information is necessary regarding the important etiological agents and populations at risk to ascertain public health measures and ensure appropriate management. In this review, we describe the changing epidemiology of bacterial meningitis in the United States and throughout the world by reviewing the global changes in etiological agents followed by specific microorganism data on the impact of the development and widespread use of conjugate vaccines. We provide recommendations for empirical antimicrobial and adjunctive treatments for clinical subgroups and review available laboratory methods in making the etiological diagnosis of bacterial meningitis. Finally, we summarize risk factors, clinical features, and microbiological diagnostics for the specific bacteria causing this disease.

References

Feb 1, 1992·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·J A Sáez-NietoJ V Martinez-Suarez
Feb 1, 1992·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·P S Moore
Apr 1, 1992·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·D M Musher
Apr 1, 1992·Clinical Microbiology Reviews·L D Gray, D P Fedorko
Aug 15, 1992·Annals of Internal Medicine·E N JanoffP C Hopewell
Jan 1, 1991·Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·J E SippelZ Farid
Jul 1, 1991·Clinical Microbiology Reviews·J E Figueroa, P Densen
Aug 1, 1991·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·R W PinnerC V Broome
Jan 1, 1990·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·S L Kessler, A S Dajani
Dec 1, 1990·Archives of Internal Medicine·A K TakalaL van Alphen
Jan 1, 1990·Reviews of Infectious Diseases·J P BryanW M Scheld
Aug 1, 1989·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·G A BruynR van Furth
Jan 1, 1989·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·H E NielsenI Lind
Jul 1, 1989·Archives of Internal Medicine·R E BehrmanS Z Hirschman
Nov 17, 1989·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·A SpanosD T Durack
Oct 13, 1988·The New England Journal of Medicine·M H LebelG H McCracken
Apr 1, 1986·European Journal of Pediatrics·C J Mulder, H C Zanen
Sep 29, 1988·The New England Journal of Medicine·M J LinnanR Weaver
Jul 7, 1988·The New England Journal of Medicine·A G SjöholmH C Zanen
Mar 1, 1987·Medicine·L S SchlesingerD R Schaberg
Mar 22, 1985·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·W F SchlechC V Broome
Feb 14, 1985·The New England Journal of Medicine·D W FlemingA L Reingold
Jan 1, 1986·Annals of Internal Medicine·G BolanW F Schlech
Feb 1, 1968·The American Journal of Medicine·R E Wolf, C A Birbara
Oct 15, 1982·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·P B Iannini, M J Kunkel
Mar 1, 1982·Medicine·P J SpagnuoloM S Rosenthal
May 1, 1995·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·D L KiskaP H Gilligan
Sep 15, 1995·Annals of Internal Medicine·L A JacksonA Schuchat
Apr 1, 1995·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·B HoenP Canton
Jun 1, 1995·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·M D PerkinsL B Reller
May 8, 1993·BMJ : British Medical Journal·M van DeurenJ W van der Meer
Jan 1, 1995·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·C J BülaM P Glauser
Jan 1, 1994·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·P KragsbjergP Olcén
Sep 1, 1994·Neurosurgery·I BaltasA Kondodimou
Aug 1, 1994·The Journal of Pediatrics·S MaxsonG E Schutze
May 1, 1994·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·C A FijenJ Dankert
Aug 23, 1993·Archives of Internal Medicine·A G JensenN Frimodt-Møller

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Mar 12, 2013·Journal of Community Health·Maia ButsashviliNata Avaliani
Nov 6, 2013·Current Infectious Disease Reports·Katharina M Busl, Thomas P Bleck
Jul 5, 2013·Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology·Sandip Kumar DashAshok Kumar
Apr 23, 2013·Clinical Pharmacokinetics·Antonello Di PaoloMario Del Tacca
Sep 17, 1999·International Journal of Food Microbiology·C K Bower, M A Daeschel
Apr 6, 2013·Modern Pathology : an Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc·Jeannette GuarnerSherif R Zaki
Mar 23, 2013·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·Christopher HöhneUwe Koedel
Apr 18, 2013·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Merel M KoopmansDiederik van de Beek
Apr 6, 2013·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·Matthijs C BrouwerDiederik van de Beek
Jul 8, 2011·Clinical Microbiology Reviews·Barry B Mook-KanamoriDiederik van de Beek
Oct 22, 2010·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·Katia JatonGilbert Greub
Oct 11, 2012·Emergency Medicine International·Catherine L Tacon, Oliver Flower
Sep 20, 2011·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·Bianca WoehrlDiederik van de Beek
Dec 18, 2010·BMC Microbiology·Dragos C ZahariaMiron A Bogdan
Mar 30, 2012·BMC Infectious Diseases·Barry Mook-KanamoriDiederik van de Beek
Mar 1, 2013·BMC Infectious Diseases·Pere DomingoPere Coll
Aug 2, 2013·BMC Infectious Diseases·Madelijn GeldhoffDiederik Van de Beek
Mar 8, 2012·Future Microbiology·Nina M van Sorge, Kelly S Doran
Apr 24, 2014·BMC Infectious Diseases·Tung-Yi LinLih-Huei Chen
Dec 18, 2013·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·Jurgen R PietDiederik van de Beek
Oct 13, 2011·Neurocritical Care·Ewout S SchutDiederik van de Beek
Mar 19, 2016·Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases·Fereshte SheybaniSareh Sajjadi
Feb 12, 2014·Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy·Selin Bardak-Ozcem, Oguz Resat Sipahi
Aug 22, 2015·Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy·Roland NauHelmut Eiffert
Oct 1, 2013·Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy·Roland NauHelmut Eiffert
Oct 21, 2014·Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy·Ying Ching TanKwang Sik Kim
Jan 3, 2016·International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases·Bassey Enya BasseyAngela Okocha-Ejeko
May 12, 2015·BBA Clinical·Merel M KoopmansDiederik van de Beek
Jan 18, 2016·The Journal of Infection·Kiril E B van VeenDiederik van de Beek
Jan 26, 2016·Trends in Microbiology·Federico IovinoJan Maarten van Dijl
Aug 29, 2013·Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America·Michelle VanDemark
May 1, 2013·Mayo Clinic Proceedings·Kirsten S AdrianiDiederik van de Beek
Jan 1, 2013·Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases·Ji-Nan SheuHung-Ming Chang
Nov 13, 2012·Lancet·Matthijs C BrouwerDiederik van de Beek

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Bacterial Meningitis (ASM)

Bacterial meningitis continues to be an important cause of mortality and morbidity throughout the world. Here is the latest research.

Bacterial Meningitis

Bacterial meningitis continues to be an important cause of mortality and morbidity throughout the world. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

The New England Journal of Medicine
D van de BeekMarinus Vermeulen
The New England Journal of Medicine
Michael C ThigpenEmerging Infections Programs Network
The New England Journal of Medicine
D van de BeekEelco F M Wijdicks
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved